According to NOAA’s Fisheries of the United States 2010, U.S. commercial fishermen landed 8.2 billion pounds of seafood in 2010, valued at $4.5 billion. Landings increased by 200 million pounds over 2009.
According to the report, Americans ate an average of 15.8 pounds of fish and shellfish in 2010, down slightly from the 2009 figure of 16 pounds.
The U.S. continues to be third-ranked for consuming fish and shellfish, behind China and Japan. Americans consumed 4.878 billion pounds of seafood, slightly less than the 4.907 billion pounds in 2009.
While seafood consumption remained fairly consistent, the amount of imported seafood consumed by Americans continued to increase. About 86 percent of the seafood consumed in the U.S. is imported, measured by edible weight, up four percent from 2009.
The U.S. exports 63 percent of its domestically produced seafood, measured by live weight, which represents an increase of four percent over 2009.
Almost half of imported seafood originates from aquaculture operations (fish farms). according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, worldwide aquaculture operations have expanded dramatically in the last three decades.
Aquaculture now supplies roughly half of the world’s seafood. The American aquaculture industry currently meets less than 5 percent of the domestic seafood demand.